Always refer to your stove instruction manual in the first instance. The following can be used as a general guidance.
Red hot embers (very efficient, but may need more fuel before the embers die down) You may find a flue pipe temperature gauge helpful to set the controls of your appliance.
LIGHTING A WOOD BURING STOVE
Start with a firefighter, a small amount of kindling and a medium size log – maximum air control
Once most wood is well alight, add a couple of smaller logs – start reducing the air intake when these are alight (do not fill the chamber)
Maintain the fire frequently with small amounts of additional fuel.
LIGHTING A MINERAL FUEL STOVE
Start with a firefighter and a small amount of kindle. Add small sized smokeless coal – set air control to maximum
Once the fuel is well alight, start building up the fuel in the grate without overfilling the chamber. Reduce the air intake once the whole bed of fuel is burning well.
Refuel at a frequency that keeps a good bed of red hot coals.
- Wood burns better on a light bed of ash, stoves are designed to allow for this. With mineral fuel, you should empty the pan regularly so as not to allow ash to build and touch the underside of the grate. This would reduce air flow around/through the grate and can lead to overheating of the grate bars and subsequent damage.
- Throat plates to be cleared at least monthly or when recommended to by the manufacturer.
- Replace grate and fire bricks if they become damaged
- Keep combustibles, including logs, at a safe distance from the hot stove
Always use the right fuel for the appliance (as recommended by the manufacturer)
- Make sure any external air ventilation grills are not blocked
- Never leave an open fire unattended without a spark guard
- Always use a securely fitted fireguard when children are in the house
- Get your stove serviced annually by a HETAS registered engineer